## What will I learn?

Through studying this course, you will develop the following:

- An understanding of the forces that hold the universe together;
- An understanding of the science beyond the nanoscale;
- An understanding of the impact and ethical associations of science on the society around us;

- An ability to explain the mechanics of everything from bicycles to space ships;
- A respect for the scientific method and a respect for evidence;
- Critical thinking skills.

## What is the structure of the course?

**All students will study the following core topics: **

Measurements and uncertainties, Mechanics, Thermal physics, Waves, Electricity and magnetism, Circular motion and gravitation, Atomic, nuclear and particle physics, Energy production.

**Higher Level students will also study these additional topics: **

Wave phenomena, Fields, Electromagnetic induction, Quantum and nuclear physics.

**In addition to this, HL students study one out of a choice of four additional topics. These are: **

Relativity, Engineering particles, Imaging, Astrophysics.

**Higher Levels**

**Part 1: Knowledge**

Demonstrate knowledge of:

- terminology, facts and concepts;
- skills, techniques and methodologies

**Part 2: Apply**

Apply knowledge to:

- terminology and concepts;
- skills, techniques and methodologies.

**Part 3: Formulate, analyse and evaluate**

Formulate, analyse and evaluate:

- hypotheses, research questions and predictions;
- methodologies and techniques;
- primary and secondary data;
- scientific explanations.

**Part 4: Investigation **

Demonstrate the application of skills necessary to carry out insightful and ethical investigations.

## How will I be assessed?

**Assessment**

**Higher Level**

**Part 1: Knowledge **

External – Paper 1 (1 hour) – 40 multiple choice questions (20% of final grade)

**Part 2: Apply**

External – Paper 2 (2.25 hours) – Data based, short answer and extended response questions (36% of final grade)

**Part 3: Formulate, analyse and evaluate**

External – Paper 3 (1.25 hours) – Data based, short answer and extended response questions (24% of final grade)

**Part 4: Investigation**

Internal (10 hours) – An investigation and write-up, usually 6-12 pages in length (20% of final grade)

## Frequently Asked Questions

*Which CAS opportunities are available?*

Science Club, Extra-Curricular Trips, Debating Club.

*Which opportunities for further study are available? *

Studying Physics will open doors to many fascinating and rewarding careers and opportunities to study further. Physics will be the perfect starting point for opportunities in engineering, architecture, astronomy, design, finance, computer engineering, medicine, meteorology, geoengineering and many more.

## Curriculum map

**Topics / Units**

- Kinematics
- Distance and Displacement
- Speed and Velocity
- Acceleration
- Kinematic Equations
- Motion Graphs
- Projectile Motion
- Conservation of Linear Momentum
- Impulse and Momentum
- Force and Momentum
- Collisions and Explosions in One-Dimensions
- Photoelectric effect
- De Broglie wavelength
- Stellar Evolution
- Mass Defect
- Nuclear fusion
- Nuclear fission

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- How to use SUVAT equations
- Velocity, displacement and acceleration can be found using the gradient and area under kinematic graphs
- Projectile motion can be broken down into vertical and horizontal components
- Momentum is always conserved
- Force is equal to the rate of change of momentum
- Matter can act as both waves and particles
- The photoelectric effect shows waves acting like particles
- De Broglie shows particles acting like waves
- The life cycle of stars
- Iron is the element with the highest binding energy per nucleus
- Nuclear fission being atoms splitting to form energy
- Nuclear fusion being when atoms fuse to form energy

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- Break down equations to form vertical and horizontal SUVAT equations
- Find the gradient at the point of a graph
- Find the area underneath a graph
- Work out momentum in 2 dimensions
- Calculate the mass defect from equations
- Describe the life cycle of stars
- To be able to convert joules to electron volts
- To understand why some stars undergo different transitions based on their masses

**Links to Assessment**

- Collisions
- Force and vectors

**Topics / Units**

- Free-Body Diagram
- Newton’s First Law
- Newton’s Second Law
- Newton’s Third Law
- Contact Force
- Non-contact forces
- Frictional Forces
- Hooke’s Law
- Stoke’s Law
- Upthrust
- Radioactive decay,
- Activity and half-life,
- Nuclear stability,
- Nuclear energy level,
- Evidence for the neutrino

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- How to use radioactive decay equations
- How to work out the half-life of a radioactive isotope from a graph
- How to work out the decay constant from the half life
- How to use exponents to work out Number of nuclei, Count rate and Activity
- Describe and explain Newton’s 3 laws of motion
- Describe evidence for the neutrino using the evidence of kinetic energy

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- Find the half life of graphs
- Be able to use logarithms to rearrange decay equations
- To be able to rearrange further mechanics equations
- To be able to use equations of stokes law to work out drag
- To use Hooke’s law to calculate the extension of springs
- To from a graph work out the ultimate tensile strength, elastic limit and breaking point

**Topics / Units**

- Thermal Energy transfers
- Ideal gas laws
- Kinetic theory of gases
- Further mechanics/Circular motion
- Thermodynamics
- Current in circuits
- A.4 Rigid body mechanics
- A.5 Galilean and special relativity

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- How to work out the energy transferred to an object through heating
- How to work out the energy transferred to an object when changing its state
- How to work out thermal equilibrium between two object
- To understand the gas laws are based on empirical evidence
- To show graphically the observations from boyle’s law, charles’ law and the pressure law
- To be able to work out absolute zero from the pressure law or charles’ law
- To know the assumptions for kinetic theory
- To derive the kinetic theory gas equation
- To work out the average kinetic energy of molecules by combining the kinetic gas equation with the ideal gas equation
- To use the equations for circular motion on different objects
- To understand what angular speed is
- To understand what linear speed is
- To be able to convert degrees to radians and vise versa
- To understand the 3 laws of thermodynamics and observe the Carnot cycle
- To understand and apply ohms law
- To describe and explain IV characteristics
- To apply Kirchhoff’s first and second law
- To understand how semi-conductors work with reference to an NTC thermistor
- To know the concept of a superconductor with 0 resistance
- To understand the concept of EMF and internal resistance

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- To use the equation E=mc(delta)T to work out the energy used to heat
- To use the equation E=mL to work out the energy needed to change the state of an object
- Students need to combine these equations from two different objects to be able to work out the thermal equilibrium of objects
- To be able to draw and interpret gas law diagrams
- To extrapolate results of volume against temperature to work out absolute 0
- To apply the assumptions of kinetic theory to derive the kinetic gas equations
- To apply the ideal gas equation using both moles and molecules
- To interpret the Carnot cycle, to describe isobaric and isotropic reactions
- To use equations for EMF to work out terminal voltage and internal resistance
- To be able to work out the total resistance from any combination of resistors
- To use circular motion to describe real life scenarios like hammer throws, or the solar system
- To convert degrees to radians

**Topics / Units**

- Waves-properties
- Types of waves
- Polarisation
- Superposition
- Gravitational fields
- Electric fields
- Capacitance
- Magnetic fields

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- How to work out frequency, wavelength and wavespeed
- How transverse waves act as they go through a polarising filter
- To distinguish properties of longitudinal and transverse waves
- What happens when waves interact with each other
- How waves can produce a stationary wave
- Be able to state the similarities and differences between electic and gravitational fields
- To use the equations of force, field strength and potential
- To use equations of charging and discharging capacitors
- To apply the equations for magnetic fields, magnetic flux and flux linkage
- To apply Faradays and Lenz’s law

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- Derive equations for Keplers third law
- Use the equations of harmonics
- To use both equations of radial and uniform equations relating to gravitational and electric fields
- To apply the right-hand grib rule for the Force acting on a moving charged particle as well as the dynamo affect
- To work out the gradient of a magnetic flux/time graph to work out EMF
- To use logarithms and apply them to the charging and discharging of capacitors

**Topics / Units**

- Waves- Phase difference
- Wave phenomenon
- Uncertainty

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- Describe how stationary waves are formed
- Understand how to calculate uncertainties in a variety of calculations
- Work out the frictional force on a flat and uneven surfaces using the coefficient of friction
- Understand entropy in relation to internal energy
- Understand the different mechanics that occur in internal combustion energy (carnot cycle)

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- Use calculations to work out the pressure, volume and temperature needed for internal combustion system
- Use calculations using the coefficient of static friction
- Be able to see how uncertainty can changes when multiplying dividing or taking the power of

**Links to Assessment**

- End of Unit Test on Wave Phenomenon

**Topics / Units**

- Stationary waves
- Diffraction grating
- Special relativity
- Thermodynamics

**Core Declarative Knowledge****What should students know?**

- The different applications of stationary waves
- How to calculate the frequency and phase difference of two different waves
- How to calculate how much waves diffract
- How to use the de broglie wavelength equation

**Core Procedural Knowledge****What should students be able to do?**

- Link wave-particle duality with Young’s double slit experiment
- Understand the difference between phase difference and path difference
- Use Einsteins’ special relativity equations
- Interpret the carnot cycle for combustions engines